India is an ancient geography where dozens of different beliefs, which have hosted different civilizations throughout its history, live together. That’s why there are so many different traditions in India that go back thousands of years. Diwali, also known as the “festival of light”, is one of these ancient traditions in India. Diwali is also one of the biggest and most important festivals in India, celebrated by millions of Hindus every year. In the festival, which symbolizes the struggle of light and darkness, good and evil, the streets of India are adorned with lights, the sky is illuminated with fireworks. Here’s what you need to know about the Diwali festival, one of the most important traditions in India.
Diwali festival is based on ancient narratives in Hindu faith
Legend has it that Rama, the earthly image of the Hindu god Vishnu, is heading north after rescuing his wife Sita, who was captured by demons. Millions of different light sources accompany the journey of Rama and Siva. Diwali, which emerged due to this ancient narrative, literally means beam of light and is also called the festival of light.
Dozens of different light sources are used in the festival, which symbolizes the triumph of light over darkness and good over evil.
Celebrating the festival, Hindus light up their homes as well as streets and avenues in different ways. However, many Hindus decorate the front of their houses with patterns created with colored sand, called “rangoli”, on festival days.
Hindus illuminate their homes with lamps made of clay called “dyias” for the festival of Diwali.
The traditional lamps of Hindus, who believe that light, goodness, abundance and fertility will visit their homes during the festival, provide a visual feast both in their homes and on the streets.
Fireworks are one of the highlights of the festival.
Hindus all over India, especially in big cities, also light up the sky in the context of the festival. The most common tool used for this is fireworks. Although the use of fireworks is prohibited in some states in India, Hindus who celebrate the Diwali festival do not heed the ban. However, air pollution, which is already a major problem in India, increases significantly during the festival. The use of fireworks exacerbates the air pollution problem in India…
Prayers are said, food is eaten, fireworks are detonated and lights are lit in these meetings that take place due to the festival. On the other hand, gift exchange during the visits of friends and relatives is also quite common.
The date of the festival changes every year but is usually celebrated in October and November.
However, the celebrations continue for 5 days. There is a different ritual for each day the festival is celebrated. The first day of the festival is spent with cleaning and shopping. The second day is devoted to decorating houses and streets. The third day is the day when the enthusiasm of the festival reaches its peak. On the third day, families gather, pray, eat, and of course, the cities are illuminated with lights and fireworks displays. Family and relatives visits continue on the fourth and fifth days.
The Diwali festival, which has been dull in the past two years due to pandemic restrictions, is celebrated with greater enthusiasm than ever this year.
With the end of the pandemic restrictions that have been going on for two years, the festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm. With the participation of millions of people, the festival brings out sights worth seeing in India.