Not a day goes by that mother nature does not surprise us! Our planet is full of many mysteries that we still cannot solve. The Pacific ring of fire is one of them. This circle surrounded by volcanoes is also known as the Pacific earthquake belt. We searched for interesting information about the Pacific ring of fire for you. You will be very surprised when you learn the secrets of this 40 thousand-kilometer circle! Here are 9 facts about the Pacific ring of fire that you have never heard before…
Two-thirds of the world’s volcanoes are located on the Pacific ring of fire
The last 11,700 years have been intense for the ring of fire. Because during this time, about a thousand volcanoes have become active throughout the circle. The four largest volcanic eruptions during the Holocene took place here. In addition, we see that more than 350 volcanic eruptions recorded in human history are also within these limits.
90% of earthquakes on our planet occur in this region.
81% of the biggest earthquakes on our planet took place here. The Alpide belt, which has the highest seismic activity after the Pacific ring of fire, hosts only 5% of the world’s earthquakes.
There is no universal agreement on the boundaries of the ring of fire.
Because how seismic and volcanic activities occur is effective in determining the boundaries. Experts continue to debate whether the Alpine belt, the Antarctic peninsula, and western Indonesia are included in the Pacific ring of fire.
The length of the circle is about 40 thousand kilometers
The ring of fire covers most of our planet. This circle, which begins around New Zealand, continues along the coastline and extends to the Bering Strait. It actually resembles a horseshoe rather than a circle.
There are more than 15 countries within the borders of the Pacific ring of fire.
Once the circle starts in New Zealand, it does not run straight north. Instead, it follows landmasses that include Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and the Philippines. From there it travels towards northeastern Russia and reaches Japan by crossing tangentially. And it’s not limited to that! From there it extends to Alaska and the west coast of the United States. It continues along the coast and includes Chile within its borders.
The inside of the circle is relatively safe
What makes the ring of fire so important is that there are active volcanoes throughout the ring. As you move from the edges of the circle to the center, seismic activity decreases. In Hawaii, they are reactivated. Unfortunately, it is not possible to get away from the ring. Because the ring of fire covers almost the entire Pacific Ocean.
The ring of fire is located at the edge of the Pacific plate.
The surface of our planet is covered with constantly moving tectonic plates. These large black plates sit on top of the earth’s core. When a gap is formed between the plates, magma comes out of these gaps. Therefore, the most seismic and volcanic activity is observed along the boundaries of these plates. The ring of fire is also located on the border of the Pacific plate.
Contrary to popular belief, the volcanoes in this circle are not related to each other.
There is a widespread belief that the volcanic activities that take place along the ring of fire are interconnected. People believe that when one volcano erupts, other nearby volcanoes will also erupt. Of course, this is highly possible, but the reason behind this is not because they are interconnected. Completely coincidence! 😊
The deepest pit in the world is located within the boundaries of this circle.
The interaction between tectonic plates does not only cause seismic and volcanic activities. These plates may move away from each other, be crushed to the side, or one above the other. The Mariana trench is where the Philippine Sea plate meets the Pacific plate. One of the plates protrudes above the other. This resulted in the formation of a pit with a depth of approximately 11 thousand kilometers.