Antik Yunan’ın Anadolu Kökenli Büyü Tanrıçası Hekate Hakkında Bilmeniz Gerekenler

Goddess of Magic in Ancient Greek Mythology: Hecate

Mythologies are elements that contain very important clues about the daily lives, belief and thought systems of ancient civilizations thousands of years ago. Ancient Greek mythology is one of the first examples that come to mind when it comes to mythology in general. Imposing gods and goddesses, interesting creatures, mysterious beings, bloody wars… Many elements in ancient Greek mythology are followed with interest even today. Here, “Hecate”, the ancient Greek goddess of magic and sorcery, is one of the most interesting figures of this ancient mythology. The fact that Ancient Greece was pushed out of the center in the polytheistic understanding of religion, starting from the creation story, makes her an unknown but interesting goddess despite her incredible power. On the other hand, according to some historians, this mysterious, scary and interesting character emerged in Anatolia! Here’s what you need to know about Hecate, the ancient Greek goddess of magic…

There are different opinions about the origins of Hecate, whose name was found in the 7th century BC.

While some argue that Hecate was a god of Greek origin from the very beginning, there are those who think that Hecate appeared in Thrace before Ancient Greece. However, according to another theory, Hecate is a goddess of Anatolian origin! Documents related to Hecate in the ancient city of Lagina, located in the Yatağan district of Muğla city today, bring along interpretations that the region may be the main cult center of the goddess. However, there are also opinions suggesting that the structures in the region, and therefore Hecate, came to Anatolia late, and therefore cannot be of Anatolian origin. However, it can easily be said that the Ancient Greek goddess of magic, Hecate, was one of the most important religious figures of the region in the first years after Christ.

Hecate, who has an important place in ancient Greek religion, is the daughter of Perses and Asteria!

Hecate was rewarded by Zeus, the chief god in mythology, for being more powerful than many other gods. For example, Poseidon was the god of the seas, and Hades was the god of death and the underworld. However, Hecate was empowered to have a say in all these areas. These powers resulted in Hecate occupying a more privileged position than many of the characters in Greek mythology. Also, thanks to these features, he continued to exist as the god of both good and evil! The power of the goddess of magic and magic was beyond the heavens, the seas and the underworld…

The different powers she possessed caused Hecate to be perceived in different ways from time to time.

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For example, due to its power in the underworld, it has long been associated with concepts such as the underworld, night death, and darkness. During this period, the torches he used in his journeys to the underworld became one of the most well-known symbols of the goddess. In addition, being the goddess of magic and magic, being associated with concepts such as night, darkness and death caused her to be perceived as a “witch”. This witchcraft, attributed to Hecate, continued in the beliefs that emerged after Greek mythology. In fact, Hecate became one of the important figures of the pagan faith for this reason.

Hecate turned into an evil god because of her association with the underworld and darkness.

Also, over time, various nocturnal creatures were considered Hecate’s helpers or companions. Wild dogs most of all! The dismemberment and eating of the unburied corpses by dogs in the Ancient Greek period caused the wild and terrible dog figures to be mentioned together with Hecate…

Excluded from the Ancient Greek belief system because of its “scary” properties

hecate

Thus, it gradually turned into a “cult” in its own mysterious structure! In some documents that appeared in ancient Greece, it is written that Hecate was summoned by magicians and interesting rituals were performed for this frightening goddess! These rituals included a number of interesting and frightening acts, including the sacrifice of dogs for the goddess! Thought to hold the key to the underworld, Hecate held great power in the realm of both the dead and the living! Thus, over the years Hecate became the patron goddess of magic, sorcery, witches and sorcerers.

Even though they were outside the belief system, there were also Ancient Greeks who took refuge in the protection of Hecate.

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For this reason, Hecate figures hung in certain parts of the houses, especially in the doorways, were extremely common. Hecate also became the goddess of roads, thresholds and crossroads! Thus she became known as the goddess of borders, city walls, and thresholds. Even in this period, the depiction of Hecate holding torches in her hands was replaced by a three-headed female figure watching over three corners!

Her incredible powers and traits made Hecate an interesting figure, both good and bad.

hecate

Hecate was the goddess of death, darkness, the underworld, as well as the watcher of borders, the protector of wizards and travelers! Although the way they were perceived by the Ancient Greeks changed over time, Hecate continued to be one of the most interesting figures in Ancient Greek mythology over the years.

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