Many things that are the subject of geography, such as landforms, vegetation, climatic conditions, have significantly affected human life for centuries. In some periods, people built geographically isolated cities to protect themselves from terrible wars. Adventurers who wanted to explore the vast world had to expand their geography knowledge! However, despite its importance in human life, it is a fact that many people find geography in general, or at least geography lessons in schools, extremely boring! However, from a broad perspective, geography is full of extremely interesting things! Moreover, some geography information may even cause you to experience a short-term shock! Giant mountains, astonishing oceans, extremely strange countries… Here are 11 geography facts you probably haven’t heard of before…
1. Kiribati is the only country with land in all four hemispheres
Kiribati or officially the Republic of Kiribati is a country located in the central part of the Pacific Ocean. The population of the country is just over 100,000 and Kiribati is one of the poorest countries in the world. Kiribati’s habitable land is made up of archipelagos. Also, this poor country was ruled by the United Kingdom until 1979! But none of this is what makes Kiribati on our list of interesting geographies! Kiribati is the only country with land in all four hemispheres! Part of the archipelago that makes up Kiribati is located in the northern and southern hemispheres, and some in the western and eastern hemispheres!
2. Island within a lake within a lake within an island, within an island: Vulcan Point!
Yes, you didn’t read the title wrong! Luzon Island in the Philippines is home to one of the most interesting geographical formations in the world. There is a lake called Taal Lake on Luzon Island in the Philippines. On the Taal Lake is Taal Island, which has a very important volcanic activity. On Taal Island is Mount Taal, an active volcano. At the top of Mount Taal, there is a crater lake! Vulcan Point is located on the crater lake…
3. The continent of Australia is wider than the Moon!
Moreover, even though Australia is the smallest continent on earth! The area of Australia is approximately 7.7 million square kilometers. On the other hand, the area of the Moon is 38 million square kilometers! So the Moon has a land area 5 times larger than Australia. However, this does not mean that the Moon is larger than Australia. Because the Moon’s equatorial diameter is 3,476 square kilometers! That’s why even the smallest continent on Earth, Australia, is larger than the Moon!
4. The Sargasso Sea has no land borders!
The Sargasso Sea in the Atlantic Ocean is located in the middle of the ocean and has no land borders! This feature makes the Sargasso Sea one of the most special seas in the world. Because there is no other sea that is not bordered by any land. On the other hand, this extraordinary geographical phenomenon makes the Sargasso Sea have many other features. For example, the boundaries of the Sargasso Sea are determined by different ocean currents. In addition, the sea is home to many endangered creatures, including some shark species.
5. According to some scientists, there are 8 continents on earth, not 7
The name of this 8th continent is Zealandia! Scientific studies, just like in other fields, cause new information to be revealed and new developments about geography. In 2017, scientists discovered a huge landmass in the region of New Zealand and New Caledonia! This landmass is so large that some scientists think it should be considered a continent! However, there are some obstacles to accepting the discovered landmass as a continent. The most important obstacle is that almost all of the land is under water! 94% of the land is under water. The islands of New Zealand and New Caledonia are in the 6% part! For this reason, many scientists do not agree with the idea that the land should be considered as a continent. Because for a piece of land to be accepted as a continent, it must be a land mass surrounded by water. Not a submerged landmass!
6. The Dead Sea is at the lowest point in the world
The Dead Sea, also known as the Dead Sea, is a salt lake surrounded by Jordan, Palestine and Israel! This huge lake has many interesting features. For one thing, the Dead Sea is about 10 times saltier than any ocean! In other words, the Dead Sea is the body of water with the highest salt content in the world. After all, its name is the Dead Sea because of this high salt content. It is impossible for a living thing to survive at such a high salinity rate. That’s why the salt lake is called the Dead Sea. On the other hand, this interesting lake is also rich in minerals. However, the Dead Sea is included in our list of interesting geography facts for a completely different reason. The Dead Sea is the lowest point in the world! Its surface is 1,400 meters below sea level! Moreover, it is getting lower every year. Because the Dead Sea is getting smaller every year for various reasons. Thus, the lake, which is already at the lowest point of the world, descends even lower…
7. Antarctica is home to 70% of all freshwater resources
You’ve probably heard of this geography knowledge before. However, it’s good to remember. Because there is a very delicate balance between climate, environment, global warming, vitality, life and Antarctica. Antarctica is the region with the largest volume of ice on earth! About 90% of the world’s ice mass is located in this region. 70% of the fresh water supply on the entire planet is here! This mass of ice is so large that if it melts completely, all the bodies of water on the planet will rise by meters…
8. To get to the town of Point Roberts in the United States, you must first pass through Canada
Geography sometimes causes really interesting situations. According to a border agreement between Canada and the USA in 1846, the border line ran through the 49th parallel to the north! Therefore, the southern part of the Point Roberts area, which was considered US territory, remained in Canadian territory. Thus, an American who wishes to travel to the region of incomparable beauty must first pass through Canada. For example, an Asian must go through passport control of both the USA and Canada when entering and leaving the region!
9. Alaska is the northernmost, westernmost, and easternmost state in the USA!
Some country geographies can cause extremely unusual situations. Many countries have interesting borders, cities that seem inaccessible. Here, Alaska, one of the US states, is an extremely interesting geography. Moreover, both with its physical structure and its administrative structure! Because Alaska is the northernmost, westernmost and easternmost state in the USA. This may seem impossible to some, but it is not. The reason for this interesting situation is the Aleutian Islands in the Alaska region. The Aleutian Islands consist of multiple islands and are located on the 180th meridian, which divides the world into the Eastern and Western hemispheres. In other words, one of the islands that make up the Aleutian Islands is at the westernmost point of the country, while the other is at the easternmost point.
10. There are 3 countries in the world that are located in another country!
We said that some country borders are quite interesting. Many countries in the world are surrounded by other countries or large bodies of water. However, the Vatican, San Marino and Lesotho neither have borders with other countries nor do they have a coastline. Because these three countries are located in other countries! Lesotho is located within the borders of the Republic of South Africa! The Vatican and San Marino are surrounded by Italy…
11. The world’s tallest mountain isn’t Everest
This knowledge of geography will be quite surprising to many people. Because for years, geography lessons have been told that Everest is the highest mountain on earth. However, this is not exactly the truth. Everest is indeed the highest peak on earth. Its height is 8,848 meters. But Mount Mauna Kea in Hawaii is bigger than Mount Everest! However, most of the mountain lies under the Pacific Ocean! When the mountain’s starting point is measured from the ocean floor, Mauna Kea is over 10,000 meters long! Thus, Mount Kea is about 2 kilometers larger than Mount Everest.