You may have heard the saying that all roads lead to Rome! 😊 There is no truth to it. Because much of what we see in the modern world today is rooted in the Ancient Romans. Founding one of the largest empires in history, the Romans ruled not only Europe but also Western Asia, Britain, and even North Africa. We explored Ancient Roman inventions that shaped the modern world, from concrete structures to newspapers. Here are 9 inventions you didn’t know were signed by the Romans…
Built around 126-128 AD, the Pantheon has the distinction of being the largest unsupported concrete dome ever built. The fact that the Pantheon, Colosseum, and Roman Forum are still largely intact indicates that the Romans built their structures to last. Structurally, the Pantheon’s 42-metre cast-concrete dome is still incredibly solid, according to testing today! 😱 As you can see, almost all of today’s concrete structures have the signature of the Romans.
If you think that the concept of social welfare is a modern concept, you are wrong! Because this concept existed about 2,000 years ago. The emperors adopted various policies so that the poor people had easy access to food. Similarly, there were programs to feed, clothe, and educate poor children. According to some historians, this situation caused recessions in the economy of Rome.
The Romans were the first civilization to fully implement the written news circulation system. Through a publication known as the “Acta Diurna” or “daily acts,” they wrote current events on stones, papyrus, or metal plates as early as 131 BC. Military victories, gladiator fights, births and deaths were shared with the public in this way. A short time later, the ‘Acta Senatus’ emerged, describing the debates in the Roman senate.
Arches, which are known as one of the defining features of the Roman architectural style today; It was used on bridges, monuments and buildings. One of the first civilizations to understand how to use belts was the Romans. They supported the ingenious structures with arches, thereby building huge structures such as the Colosseum.
Hardcover books, also known as “Codex”, first appeared in Ancient Rome. They were seen as a compact and easy way to carry information. Until then, clay tablets or scrolls up to 10 meters in length were preferred for writing. This enormous invention was used to help spread Christianity in the early Christian era.
The Roman Empire was spread over vast lands, and roads were needed to control such an area. Roman roads, many of which are still used today, were built using granite or hardened gravel and bricks.
The postal system was established by Emperor Augustus around 20 BC. Also known as the cursus publicus, it was a government-run and supervised courier service. Messages between Italy and other provinces were carried through this postal system.
Surgical tools and techniques
Many surgical instruments such as vaginal speculum, forceps, syringe, scalpel and bone saw have the Roman signature! Invented by the Romans, who pioneered procedures such as cesarean section, these instruments were used until the 20th century. They were especially well prepared for the difficulties experienced on the battlefield. Specially trained medical units saved the lives of thousands of soldiers, thanks to innovations such as tourniquets or handcuffs.
underfloor heating systems
By distributing heat to floors raised by a series of concrete pillars, the Romans actually invented the modern underfloor heating system, in a sense. Thanks to the chimney nets on the walls, the hot air could circulate all over the floors and then exit through the roof. Of course, this system was only found in public buildings and homes of the wealthy. It was truly an engineering marvel at the time.
You may be interested in:
From Caesar to Hadrian: 11 Roman Emperors Who Shaped the Ancient World