Antik Mısır’ın En Güçlü Kadın Firavunu Hatşepsut Hakkında Bilmeniz Gerekenler

What You Need to Know About Pharaoh Hatshepsut

When Hatshepsut ascended the throne, she was the 3rd female pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. Despite this, he is considered by far the most successful pharaoh in thousands of years of Ancient Egyptian history. Hatshepsut, the female pharaoh of ancient Egypt, was a highly influential and powerful ruler. She had developed important trade routes that would bring her country great prosperity. She also had many new structures built for her country, she. Hatshepsut was also forward-thinking, innovative, and successful. But Hatshepsut had other interesting features as well. After her death, all traces of Hatshepsut were erased by the new pharaoh, and would remain hidden in the depths of history until the beginning of the 20th century. Here’s what you need to know about Hatshepsut, one of the most powerful women not only in Ancient Egypt but also in history…

She was the daughter of a pharaoh

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Hatshepsut, one of the children of Pharaoh Thutmose I and queen Ahmes, was born in BC. He was born in 1504. The period in which Hatshepsut was born was the period of prosperity called the “New Kingdom” of Egypt. His father, Thutmose I, was an extremely charismatic and warlike ruler.

She became queen at the age of 12

With the death of Thutmose I, Hatshepsut’s half-brother II. Thutmose ascended the throne. At the age of 12, his half-brother, II. Hatshepsut, who married Thutmose, became the new queen of Egypt… Queen Hatshepsut and Thutmose I had daughters but no sons. For this reason, II. When Thutmose died, the son born to another wife of the pharaoh was III. Thutmose was supposed to take the throne.

He was regent before he became pharaoh

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III. Thutmose was supposed to take the throne as the new pharaoh. But II. When Thutmose died, Thutmose was still a small baby. For this reason, III. Hatshepsut took over the throne until Thutmose was old enough to become a pharaoh. However, Hatshepsut was crowned in the 7th year of his regency and thus became the new pharaoh of Egypt.

Depicted as male!

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Hatshepsut, the new pharaoh of ancient Egypt, wanted to be portrayed as a man after the first years of his reign. He wanted to make himself look like a traditional king. For this reason, he even wore an artificial “beard”…

Launched a comprehensive construction project in Egypt

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New temples and monuments were built during the reign of Hatshepsut in almost all of Egypt’s lands. Thus, Ancient Egypt got a new look during his reign. The temple named Dayr al-Bahri, which he built in his name, is among the most magnificent structures that have survived from that period to the present day.

Expanded trade routes

Another of Hatshepsut’s most important acts was to open new trade routes! The new trade routes from Egypt to East Africa provided Egypt with great prosperity. Thanks to gold and other precious metals from East Africa, Egypt experienced one of its richest and most powerful periods.

He was buried next to his father after he died.

Hatshepsut died in the 22nd year of her reign, probably at the age of 50. The exact cause of death is unknown. However, studies on bones thought to belong to Hatshepsut show that the cause of death was bone cancer. On the other hand, even before Hatshepsut died, she enlarged her father’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings! After he died, he was buried next to his father.

His stepson tried to erase the traces of Hatshepsut from history!

After Hatshepsut’s death, her stepson III. Thutmose ruled Egypt as pharaoh for 30 years. During this time, his stepmother went to great lengths to erase all traces of Hatshepsut! He destroyed nearly all records of Hatshepsut, including statues of Hatshepsut in temples! III. It is thought that Thutmose wanted to eliminate the figure of a powerful female pharaoh. But Hatshepsut resurfaced in 1822, thousands of years after she died! The scientists who managed to read the hieroglyphs on the walls of Dayr al-Bahri made Hatshepsut appear on the stage of history again.

His tomb was discovered in 1903

Archaeologist Howard Carter managed to reach Hatshepsut’s sarcophagus during his excavations in the Valley of the Kings in 1903. However, Hatshepsut’s tomb was completely empty! Hatshepsut’s mummified body was discovered in 2007, thanks to another excavation that began in 2005!

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