İnsanlığın Uçma Hayalini Gerçeğe Dönüştüren Bir Buluş: Sıcak Hava Balonları

What You Need to Know About Hot Air Balloons

Soaring in the sky like birds, enjoying the freedom in the vast blue… “Flying” has been one of the greatest passions of humanity since ancient times. At different periods of history, people who are passionate about the sky are told like a legend about their attempts to fly. But people had to wait until the late 1700s before they could actually fly. The French inventors Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier invented the first hot air balloon on October 19, 1783, and they bypassed an important threshold in humanity’s journey to the sky. However, some studies say that hot air balloons may have been invented much earlier. If this is indeed the case, humanity may be hovering in the sky much longer than we think. Here is the story of the emergence of the hot air balloon, which is a very important invention for humanity.

Hot air balloon BC. It may have been invented in 500!

hot-air baloon

In the 1970s, British hot air balloon pilot Julian Nottt made an interesting claim. Accordingly, hot air balloons could have been used much earlier than the Montgolfier brothers! This theory had a very interesting basis: the Nazca Lines!

Nazca Lines and hot air balloon

hot-air baloon

Nazca Lines, BC. 500 to AD. They are huge geometric shapes thought to have been made in the deserts of Peru around 500 BC. Among these shapes, there are also giant animal drawings! The shapes have existed for thousands of years thanks to the protective nature of the desert climate. These gigantic shapes found in Peru are thought to have been made by a human community that lived even before the Incas. Nott’s theory comes into play at this point! Nott claims that such large and meaningful shapes can only be made by being seen from above. Nott takes his theory further and claims that he made a hot air balloon using materials known to the Incas at the time. Also, Nott flew over the Nazca Lines in a hot air balloon that he made himself! Today, there is no evidence that hot air balloons were used in ancient times. But Nott’s theory and balloon suggest that hot air balloons were useful tools for those times as well.

According to another theory, hot air balloons first appeared in Ancient China.

Another theory about the history of hot air balloons is that these balloons were in AD. He argues that it may have originated in China in the 200s. Some historians think that unmanned hot air balloons were used as a “military communication” tool at that time! For this reason, they argue that the first examples, which can be considered the ancestors of today’s hot air balloons, were invented in China. These early examples are thought to have been designed by the Chinese soldier, politician and engineer “Zhuge Liang”. According to the theory, this military communication tool that emerged in Ancient China turned into something different over time. Balloons, originally thought to be used for military communications, are now used as “sky lanterns” in celebrations and entertainment.

Bartolomeu de Gusmao’s airship

hot-air baloon

The idea of ​​ascending into the sky using hot air had also occurred to Bartolomeu de Gusmao, a Portuguese priest, 74 years before the Montgofier brothers! Gusmao was an important person with work in the field of aviation. During this important work, Gusmao was able to fly a paper balloon 4 meters high!

Gusmo’s pioneering work in aviation was also supported by the King of Portugal at the time. In this way, he was able to take his work to an advanced level! The airship Gusmao invented and named “Big Bird” was able to soar in the sky for almost 1 kilometer! Unfortunately, Gusmao passed away before he could realize all of his aviation plans. However, Gusmao’s passion for the sky led to the work of the Montgolfier brothers and thus to the “reaching the sky” of all humanity…

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