The Industrial Revolution that emerged in England at the end of the 18th century was the beginning of a very important period for the history of the world and humanity. The Industrial Revolution, which caused radical changes in many economic, social and cultural fields, was one of the most important events that shaped the modern world we live in today. The Industrial Revolution started in England and spread all over the world. It also led to important developments in the United States at the beginning of the 20th century. Thus, the American Industrial Revolution, which had its own characteristics, took place. This situation led to the emergence of new inventions especially in the fields of agriculture, textile and technology. The inventions produced at that time greatly changed the living and working conditions of humanity. Here are the 8 most important inventions of the American Industrial Revolution…
1. Ice box
Thanks to the American Industrial Revolution, the first ice box produced was made of wood! It was invented in 1802 by Thomas Moore. The invention, in which large blocks of ice could be stored in the compartment at the top, was covered with insulating materials such as tin and zinc. The outer part of the box was wrapped with insulating fabrics like fur.
Ice boxes allowed perishable foods to be preserved for long periods of time without being smoked, canned, or dried. Thus, ice boxes went down in history as an invention that caused significant changes in people’s consumption habits and thus their lifestyles.
2. cotton gin
Invented by Eli Whitney in 1796, the cotton gin was one of the most important inventions in agricultural history. The machine was used to separate the raw cotton from seeds, stems and leaves. Thanks to the cotton gin, cotton production increased and a “production boom” was experienced in the sectors.
3. Steel plow
Another invention of the American Industrial Revolution that took agricultural production to an advanced level was the steel plow. The steel plow was invented in 1837 by a blacksmith named John Deere. Thanks to this important invention, planting and aerating the soil has become much easier and less costly than the old methods.
One of the most important inventions that emerged during the American Industrial Revolution was undoubtedly the airplane! With the invention of the airplane, significant changes took place in many areas from transportation to trade, from tourism to wars.
The first powered airplane was invented by the Wright brothers in 1903. The exoskeleton of the powered airplane invented by the Wright brothers was made of wood and covered with cotton cloth. Despite this, the plane managed to fly over a beach in America for 12 seconds, making it one of the most important inventions in human history.
5. sewing machine
Patented by Elias Howe in 1846, the sewing machine was an improved version of older sewing machines. In 1855, Issac Singer made important changes on the sewing machine and developed machines suitable for home use. Thanks to these changes made on the sewing machine, there was a revolution especially in the clothing and shoe industry.
The telephone, which completely changed the concept of communication, was invented during the American Industrial Revolution! Alexander Graham Bell, who worked on sound transmission with electric current in the late 1880s, succeeded in obtaining the patent for the first telephone in 1876. In the first years of its invention, the telephone could only be used by the rich. However, its use became widespread from the 1900s. The telephone, which is among the most important inventions of the American Industrial Revolution, occupies an important place in the life of humanity even today.
Basically a sound recorder, the phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison in 1877. The phonograph allowed sounds to be recorded and played back. The phonograph, the ancestor of record players, was an invention that significantly changed humanity’s relationship with music.
Thomas Edison, one of the greatest inventors of the American Industrial Revolution, was the person who invented the light bulb in 1880 after the phonograph. In fact, different studies were carried out on light bulb models before Edison. However, Edison made this important invention really usable thanks to the light bulb design he revealed in 1880. The light bulb designed by Edison could work for long periods of time. On the other hand, the new bulb design did not require high electric current. Moreover, it was easier to install and use. In addition, the production cost was quite low compared to the old bulbs. Edison’s light bulb remains one of the most important inventions to “light up” humanity since the American Industrial Revolution.