9 Surprising Facts About the World You'll Probably Hear for the First Time

9 Surprising Facts About the World You’ll Probably Hear for the First Time

The world is a home where we live and go without being aware of most things. A little over 4.5 billion years old, this planet appears as a pale blue dot in our solar system. Under this small image, it hosted countless lives and events. World history is based on a much older past than previously thought. During this process, many extraordinary events took place and continue to happen. Get ready for interesting facts you will hear about the world! Because when you hear this information, you may be astonished. Let’s get started

1. Flowers are a very new species for the age of the Earth

world history

When we think of the world, one of the creatures that comes to mind is the flower. This beauty, identified with the world, is actually only 162 million years old. Scientists have found a fossil flower that is about 162 million years old. No specimen older than this fossil has yet been found. This shows that flowers are actually a much newer species when compared to the age of the Earth.

2. The world is relatively smooth compared to a billiard ball

At first you may find it difficult to understand this situation, but it is actually the truth. A billiard ball must not contain more than 0.127 mm of pits or bumps. Considering the 5.715 cm size of the billiard ball, the maximum roughness area should not exceed 0.127 mm. Consider Mount Everest, the highest area in the world, and the Mariana Trench, the deepest. However, you might ask how the world could be smoother than a billiard ball.

The answer is actually hidden in the dimension of the world. Despite Everest and Mariana, our Earth’s dimensions are actually pretty smooth. Moreover, it is more successful than a billiard ball. However, it does not look like a billiard ball due to the centrifugal force effect.

3. The highest mountain on the planet depends on where you measure it

world history

Surely everyone thinks why we question the reputation of Mount Everest as the highest mountain. There are several factors that cause this. These factors are based on a very scientific basis. When calculated from under the sea, Mount Mauna Kea in Hawaii is actually the highest mountain in the world. The fact that a significant part of this mountain was submerged under water caused this mountain’s reputation not to be heard much.

Another scientific perspective takes us to Ecuador, Mount Chimborazo. As we all know the Earth swells at the Equator. Things really change if we do a calculation based on the earth core. Mount Chimborazo can extend farther than the summit of Everest when calculated from the center of the Earth. So much so that there is a difference of 2072.64 meters.

4. Earth was home to giant insects 300 million years ago due to high oxygen

The Earth was in a period called the Carboniferous 300 years ago. Plant life and diversity at that time was higher than it is today. The most important condition that caused this situation was the oxygen level. Oxygen levels, which were higher than ever before in the Carboniferous period, caused some interesting situations. The most interesting of these situations was the insects. Because of the abundance of oxygen, insects had a chance to evolve and grow faster. Consider scorpions the size of a dog, caterpillars the size of an anaconda, and dragonflies the size of an eagle. This was more or less the situation 300 million years ago.

5. Water on Earth is much older than the Sun

world history

As crazy as it may sound, that’s really the case. Stars consist of huge clouds of dust and gas containing water in the form of ice. Elements transported from these clouds of dust and gas were able to wander through space in a waste and free state long before the birth of our Sun. In the processes following the formation phases of the Earth, it was possible for water to come to our planet with the help of a meteor. Although our planet’s age and world history is older than the Sun, its water is much older than that.

6. Oceans were formed by millions of years of rain

The world was home to very difficult conditions in the first period of its formation. The surface was so hot that most elements on the surface were above the boiling point. In an atmosphere of over 212 degrees Celsius, water remained a gas on Earth. It intensified 3.8 billion years ago as the Earth cooled over time. The rains that started with condensation caused the present-day oceans to form. It took several million years of precipitation for the oceans to become what we know.

7. There have been five mass extinctions in Earth’s history

world history

Four different mass extinctions occurred before the event that brought the end of the dinosaurs. The most severe of these wiped out 96% of all living species from the face of the earth. All life forms surviving today are descended from the 4% leftover from the last mass extinction. These five mass extinctions caused serious catastrophes on Earth. The most familiar example of these disasters is the extinction of the dinosaurs.

8. Oceans produce most of the world’s oxygen

When we say oxygen production, most people think of forests. It is true that forests, that is, trees, produce oxygen. Despite this, the highest share of oxygen production belongs to the oceans. How this happened is hidden in the depths of the ocean. Phytoplankton is a plant species found in the ocean depths. This plant species is an example of Prochlorococcus, the smallest photosynthetic microorganism in the world. Phytoplankton alone accounts for 20% of the oxygen in the entire biosphere. Thus, we come across a very assertive rate compared to other sources that provide oxygen production in the world.

9. The loudest sound ever recorded on Earth was the Krakatau explosion in 1883

world history

The loudest event recorded in world history was the eruption of Krakatau volcano in Indonesia in 1883. The sound was so loud that people within 65 km of the explosion had their eardrums ruptured. The shock wave of the explosion circled the globe four times and was heard by everyone within 5000 km. Thus, the loudest recorded sound on our planet went down in history as the Krakatau explosion.

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